# How to calculate commission: How to calculate a commission

If the lookup value (sales amount) were a negative number, then the vlookup would return an error. We can use a VLOOKUP formula to calculate the payout rate for a given sales amount (lookup value). For this to work we need to set the last argument in the vlookup [range_lookup] to TRUE. He/she will earn a certain payout rate depending on the level of sales achieved. In addition to receiving overrides, managers might also receive a piece of the sales representative’s commission as their “cut” for managing the sales team.

This means that the payout will be the same, regardless of what the sales amount is within the tier. In the example below, if the payout will be \$1,000 if the sales amount is \$55,000 or \$95,000. The payout can also be returned as a dollar value, instead of a percentage. If the sales amount is greater than the last row in the lookup range, then the vlookup will return the last row. For example, if the rep made sales of \$175,000 then vlookup would return 15%.

## Commission Splits

Using VLOOKUP is much easier and cleaner than using nested IF formulas. As you can see with this example, the vlookup allows you to use one formula to calculate the commission payout rate for any given sales amount. Moreover, it’s essential to provide sales representatives and managers with a comprehensive explanation of the manager’s cut policy. This should include the process by which the percentage is decided as well as the method by which the manager’s cut will be distributed.

We’ll go through four common ways companies reward their sales employees for a job well done. The amount of money that an individual receives based on the level of sales he/she has acquired. The salesperson is provided a reliable amount of money including to his/her standard salary based on the number of sales obtained. This commission calculator brought the simplest way to calculate commission. How much commission will she receive for selling a house that cost \$30,000.

Additionally, because it can take several weeks to prepare new employees for selling, individuals with a straight commission may struggle to make ends meet in the short term. Under the straight commission model, sales employees are compensated just for the sales they make. Unlike some of the other models we’ll discuss, workers are not entitled to a base salary. Companies may take this approach in order to reduce overhead costs or because they believe it serves to better motivate their salespeople. The salesman will take home \$750 from that sale as earned income. Many times, bonuses will be attached if a salesperson reaches certain benchmarks.

It is important to know this and setup your rate table for all possible lookup values. But it plays an essential role in motivating and rewarding your sales reps. Most often stockbrokers come to mind when deciding commissions, but commissions are the foremost means of reimbursement for real estate agents, financial advisors, investment bankers, and many others. Fee accruing to an agent, broker, or salesperson by mutually agreed upon, or fixed by custom or law, for assisting, commencing, and/or accomplishing a commercial transaction. The “Sales Price” input of this calculator is the total accumulated sales amount.

This is used most commonly when a company wants to involve the sales staff in collecting unsettled accounts receivable. An inventory that management wants to eliminate from stock, they offer a special commission rate, usually before the inventory becomes outdated. The commission is usually based on the total amount of a sale, but it may be based on other factors, such as the gross margin of a product or even its net profit.

Call it the closest thing to a “happy medium” when it comes to paying sales employees. The base plus commission approach involves paying workers a minimum salary and then additional payments for each subsequent sale. By offering both stability and incentives for performance, this model is particularly well-suited in industries where it takes longer to “ramp up” employees or where deals can take months to close. There is not really any standard commission rate for independent sales representatives since commissions vary depending on what is required.

## How to Calculate Average Variable Cost.

This article will explain how to use the VLOOKUP function to make this process much easier. The secret is setting the last argument in the vlookup to TRUE, to find the closest match. Typically, the manager’s cut is a predetermined proportion of the commission that the representative is liable to pay.

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• For example, individuals may earn 10 percent on their first \$10,000 in sales, 20 percent in their next \$20,000, and so forth.
• We’ll go through four common ways companies reward their sales employees for a job well done.
• Following the steps in this guide to accurately calculate commissions based on sales performance, commission variables, tiered commission rates, overrides, returns, and more.
• In addition to receiving overrides, managers might also receive a piece of the sales representative’s commission as their “cut” for managing the sales team.

Returns or commission clawbacks are defined as sales that are subsequently canceled or reimbursed, and they’re a factor that can influence how commissions are calculated. Commission calculation depends on the commission structure, the industry, the specific terms of the agreement, and more. If you do use IF, make sure to make each cell reference to the rate table an absolute reference (F4 on the keyboard). Otherwise you will get incorrect results when copying the formula down.

## What is Sales Commission?

Employers benefit from paying a commission to their employees because it means that they only pay the employee if there is a sale. Commission is a form of an incentive pay made to employees based on the value of sales achieved. To determine the commission owed, take into account any returns by deducting the amount of any returns from the total sales the rep has made. The amount of an override is often computed as a percentage of the team’s overall commission or sales.

For example, individuals may earn 10 percent on their first \$10,000 in sales, 20 percent in their next \$20,000, and so forth. A different commission rate may apply if a certain target is reached. For example, the commission rate may be 2% of sales, but retroactively changes to 4% if the salesperson attains a certain quarterly sales goal. A common approach to calculating commissions is using IF statements.

Another variation is to offer a special commission rate on inventory that management wants to eliminate from stock, usually before the inventory becomes obsolete. Additionally, companies also use more complex commission structures like a tiered commission or different commission rates for different products or services. While it may make sense for high yield sales roles like real estate, it’s an unforgiving model in industries where the buying process can extend over several months.

I always try to avoid nested IFs when possible because they are difficult to read and understand, and they can be slower for Excel to calculate. If you have thousands of nested IF formulas in your workbook, your calculation time could slow down. With the last argument set to TRUE, vlookup will find the closest match to the lookup value that is less than or equal to the lookup amount. This basically allows us to find a value between ranges of two numbers (tiers). • You can’t track commission data in real-time as it’s not integrated with your CRM or invoicing software. Usually, the employer determines the length of the commission period, which might be anything from daily to quarterly or even annual.

## Avoid Nested IF Formulas

The above serves as a primer on some of the more common ways employers compensate sales employees. Payroll administrators processing commission should keep in mind that these payments, similar to bonuses, are considered “supplemental wages” by tax authorities. To learn more about how these payments are taxed, read our free Definitive Guide to Payroll by clicking below. The salesperson would make more money with the base salary rather than the higher commission rate for a slow month. This strategy is only used under the accumulate basis of accounting, and make sure that the expense is recorded in the same period as the sales transaction that prompted the commission.

In sales, a commission is a form of payment that salespeople earn that is tied to how much of a service or a product they sell. Commissions are a method used to motivate salespeople, since the amount they sell directly impacts the amount that they can earn. If you are looking for a sliding scale calculation, see my article on calculating commission with a tiered rate structure using SUMPRODUCT. Multiplying the representative’s hourly rate or annual salary by the number of hours or days worked during the commission period will give you the base compensation.

Get a pulse on regional and industry wages by using compensation benchmarking tools that take both base salary and commission into consideration. If more than one salesperson is involved in a sale, the commission is split. It is also possible that the manager of a sales region will earn a section of the commissions of the salespeople working in that region.

Sales reps also receive what is known as “base pay,” which might be a fixed salary or an hourly rate. While setting the length of the commission period, it’s important to keep the company’s sales cycle and transaction time in mind. While this approach isn’t as unforgiving as straight commission, it still poses significant risks. If a salesperson can’t close a deal for a prolonged period of time, they can accumulate heavy debts to their employer. The ideal ratio of guaranteed compensation to commission remains a subject of debate. If salaries are too high, will that simply demotivate employees?