GlobalARWU World THE World53QS World46RegionalTimes Asia7QS Asia8CUHK has been consistently regarded as a member of the top three higher learning institutions in the territory by various university rankings. In particular, it has continuously been the top Hong Kong institution in the ARWU, which is based on awards and research output, including those league tables in 2006, 2010, 2011, and 2013.
The centre became part of Chinese University in 1974 and has been responsible for the teaching of one language education (Putonghua and Cantonese) of university students as well as other Putonghua and Cantonese learners. Courses are offered for non-native speakers and for native speakers of Chinese.
Curriculum focused particularly on Chinese heritage and social concerns. The early years of this school were tumultuous, with the campus relocating several times between rented premises around Kowloon. Academics there were often self-exiled from the mainland and they struggled financially, with students sometimes sleeping on rooftops and teachers foregoing pay to sustain the college. Funds were gradually raised and the school moved to a new campus in Kau Pui Lung, built with the support of the Ford Foundation, in 1956.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong has a Coat of Arms granted by the College of Arms in 1967 (Image available on the Chinese Wikipedia.). The full Arms is very rarely used, while the shield-only emblem is the most common symbol of the university. The first non-founding college, Shaw College, was named after its patron, Sir Run Run Shaw, who donated five hundred million Hong Kong dollars toward its establishment in May 1985. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Declaration of Shaw College) Ordinance was passed by the Legislative Council in July 1986, and the fourth college was officially opened in March 1990 by Run Run Shaw and Governor David Wilson.
These three colleges (along with some others created during this era) helped fill a void in the post-secondary education options available to Hong Kong Chinese students. In 1957, New Asia College, Chung Chi College, and United College came together to establish the Chinese Colleges Joint Council. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It is the territory’s second oldest university and was founded as a federation of three existing colleges – Chung Chi College, New Asia College and United College – the oldest of which was founded in 1949.
The university is served by University Station of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) as well as the Hong Kong bus system. Bus and railway stations are located beside Chung Chi College, with additional bus stops just outside the two school entrances on Tai Po Road. To cope with new students from the education system, the new exit D of University Station opened in September 2012. The federal structure of the university would thus be replaced by something closer to that of a unitary university.
Construction of the new campus continued throughout the 1960s to a development plan produced by W. Some of the most iconic buildings on campus, like the University Library, were built in this period along the monumental axis of the University Mall in the subdued concrete aesthetic for which the school is known.
The Fulton Report recommendations were packaged into the Chinese University of Hong Kong Bill 1976. The changes recommended by the report came into effect in December 1976.
Colleges promote extracurricular social and athletic activities with an aim of building camaraderie among students. This focus on ‘student orientated teaching’, education through both formal teaching and student empowerment, distinguishes CUHK from other universities in the territory. The Childhood Bilingualism Research Centre (CBRC) is part of the Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages. The centre is directed by Professor Virginia Yip and Professor Stephen Matthews. The Yale-China Chinese Language Centre (CLC), formerly New Asia – Yale-in-China Chinese Language Center, was founded in 1963 under the joint auspices of New Asia College and the Yale-China Association.
The Board of Governors of New Asia College flatly rejected the recommendations of the report, alleging that it would destroy the collegiate system, turning the colleges into “empty shells”. Dr. Denny Huang, a longtime member of the Board of Governors of Chung Chi College, criticised the effort to centralise powers and stated that the college governorship would be reduced to “nothing more than managers of an estate”.
The School of Education, which would later become a faculty, was founded in 1965. The Graduate School, the first in Hong Kong, was founded in 1966 and the first batch of master’s degrees were awarded the following year.
Following the Communist revolution and the breakdown in relations between China and the United States at the 1950 outbreak of the Korean War, all Christian colleges and universities in the People’s Republic of China were shut down. Chung Chi College was founded in 1951 by Protestant churches in Hong Kong to continue the theological education of mainland churches and schools. The 63 students of its first year operating were taught in various church and rented premises on Hong Kong Island.
- The Fulton Commission report was tabled in the Legislative Council in June 1963, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance was passed in September of that year.
- The school was officially inaugurated in a ceremony at City Hall on 17 October 1963, officiated by the founding chancellor, Sir Robert Brown Black.
- The next year, Dr. Li Choh-ming was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor of the university.
By 1962, a year before the founding of CUHK, Chung Chi had 531 students in 10 departments taught by a full-time faculty of 40, excluding tutors. Although the campus is located away from the busier districts of Hong Kong, access to the school is easy.
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For example, gastric cancer is more common in Japan due to the frequency of high-salt diets and colon cancer is more common in the United States due to the increased intake of processed and red meats. Immigrant communities tend to develop the cancer risk profile of their new country, often within one to two generations, suggesting a substantial link between diet and cancer. Colleges are designed as communities with their own hostels, dining halls and other facilities. Students receive pastoral care and whole-person education, including formal and non-formal general education by means of close interaction with teachers and peers, and in some colleges, assemblies and college final year project.
Programmes are divided into Putonghua courses for local students, Cantonese courses for mainland Chinese Students and Putonghua and Cantonese courses for non-native Chinese speakers. Moreover, associate School of Continuing and Professional Studies (CUSCS) offers associate degree and higher diploma programmes. The university constitution was also reviewed in the 1970s with an aim to assess the school’s growth and chart its future. In 1975 the chancellor appointed an external commission, again chaired by Lord Fulton, to review the university constitution.
Over one third of cancer deaths worldwide (and about 75–80% in the United States) are potentially avoidable by reducing exposure to known factors. These factors act, at least partly, by altering the function of genes within cells. Typically many such genetic changes are required before cancer develops.
Aging has been repeatedly and consistently regarded as an important aspect to consider when evaluating the risk factors for the development of particular cancers. Many molecular and cellular changes involved in the development of cancer accumulate during the aging process and eventually manifest as cancer. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chinese University of Hong Kong.
The university operates in both English and Chinese, although classes in most colleges are taught in English. Four Nobel laureates are associated with the university, and it is the only tertiary institution in Hong Kong with recipients of the Nobel Prize, Turing Award, Fields Medal and Veblen Prize sitting as faculty in residence. The relationship between diet and the development of particular cancers may partly explain differences in cancer incidence in different countries.
Chinese University of Hong Kong
The university was formed in 1963 as a federation of three existing colleges. The first of these, New Asia College, was established in 1949 by anti-Communist Confucian scholars from Mainland China amid the revolution there.
The Fulton Commission report was tabled in the Legislative Council in June 1963, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance was passed in September of that year. The school was officially inaugurated in a ceremony at City Hall on 17 October 1963, officiated by the founding chancellor, Sir Robert Brown Black. The next year, Dr. Li Choh-ming was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor of the university. The university originally comprised the Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Science and Faculty of Social Science. Construction began at the site of the new campus in the Ma Liu Shui area, where Chung Chi College was already established, for new facilities to house central administration and the relocated New Asia and United colleges.
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(Entry 1 of 2) 1a : a reason for an action or condition : motive. b : something that brings about an effect or a result trying to find the cause of the accident.
Research Schools, Degrees & Careers
Besides overall rankings, a list of subject rankings of Hong Kong tertiary institutions is available to show the strength of its individual disciplines ranked by the above organisations. China’s Alumni Association placed it among the “6-Star Greater China’s Universities” (the highest level) and it was ranked fourth in the Association’s 2014 Ranking of Institutions with the Most Best Disciplines in HK, Macau and Taiwan. In June 1959, the Hong Kong government expressed its intent to establish a new university with a medium of instruction of Chinese. CUHK is organized into nine constituent colleges and eight academic faculties, and remains the only collegiate university in the territory.