# Annual Net Income: Definition and How to Calculate

The standard tax items include federal payroll tax deductions for Social Security and Medicare, state and local income taxes and state disability tax. Your employer withholds these taxes and periodically forwards the money to the appropriate tax-collecting agencies.

## Payroll Definitions

Activity listed on pay statements includes earnings and deductions. Common deductions are income tax and Federal Insurance Contributions Act(FICA) withholdings. There may also be less standard deductions such as court-ordered child support or alimony, and uniform upkeep cost. The net pay is the amount remaining after all deductions are taken. The number of work hours in a year can be useful when figuring out an employee’s yearly pay for a salary or to calculate salary into an hourly rate if schedules are changing.

First, calculate your FICA taxes for the year, otherwise known as your contribution to Social Security and Medicare. Everyone pays a flat, 7.65% rate on the first \$128,400 (as of 2018) of earned income. You can reduce the amount of your annual gross pay by this percentage before making other calculations. Just divide the annual amount by the number of periods each year.

Let’s walk through some examples so you can see exactly how each term impacts your team’s take-home pay—and your employer payroll taxes. Types of payroll deductions that are mandatory include payroll and income taxes. You must withhold Social Security, Medicare, and federal income taxes. Depending on where your employees work, you may also need to withhold state and local income taxes.

If you receive an hourly wage and are unsure of your annual salary, you can use simple math to determine this. Multiply your hourly pay by the number of hours you work per week. That total can then be multiplied by 52, as there are 52 weeks in a year. If you take two weeks of unpaid vacation, multiply by 50 instead. If you make \$52,000 a year living in the region of Alberta, Canada, you will be taxed \$12,035.

Your pretax income minus your tax withholdings equals your post-tax income. Voluntary deductions are payroll deductions that your employee chooses to have withheld from their paycheck, but aren’t required by law. Pre-tax means that the deduction is taken out of your employee’s gross pay before they pay mandatory payroll taxes. Pre-tax deductions lower your employee’s taxable income and payroll taxes.

Take-home pay is the net amount of income received after the deduction of taxes, benefits, and voluntary contributions from a paycheck. It is the difference between the gross income less all deductions.

The remaining money, or net pay, are used by an employee to pay general living expenses, including housing, food and discretionary items. If you make \$100,000 a year living in the region of California, USA, you will be taxed \$28,923. That means that your net pay will be \$71,077 per year, or \$5,923 per month. Your average tax rate is 28.92% and your marginal tax rate is 40.95%. This marginal tax rate means that your immediate additional income will be taxed at this rate.

Your average tax rate is 14.77% and your marginal tax rate is 23.65%. For instance, an increase of \$100 in your salary will be taxed \$23.65, hence, your net pay will only increase by \$76.35. Quicken provides a Paycheck Setup Wizard that allows you to track your gross income, deductions and net income.

Net income refers to the cash value of a paycheck after deductions. Gross income — your pay before deductions — starts with your wages for the pay period. For salaried workers, this equals your annual base salary divided by the number of pay periods in the year. Hourly workers’ gross income equals their hourly wage multiplied by hours worked, plus any overtime pay.

### What is the definition of net pay?

Net pay is the amount received by an employee. It is computed by subtracting any deductions and contributions from the gross pay total. Extended Definition.

If you are paid hourly, multiply that rate by 40 hours to determine your weekly pay. But how do you actually calculate gross pay and net pay for your hourly and salaried employees?

• Take-home pay is the net amount of income received after the deduction of taxes, benefits, and voluntary contributions from a paycheck.

For instance, an increase of \$100 in your salary will be taxed \$35.80, hence, your net pay will only increase by \$64.20. There are several taxes that may be applied to your gross pay, including federal, state, and even local income taxes. Next, adjust your annual gross income by subtracting personal exemptions and standard deductions that the IRS gives you before it calculates your income tax.

The net amount or take-home pay is what the employee receives. Any unpaid holidays or vacation days should be deducted from the hours used in the pay period calculation. Divide both your total deductions and your net pay by the number of pay periods for the year to determine how much those amounts will be per paycheck. The net pay amount located on a paycheck is the take-home pay. Paychecks or pay statements detail the income activity for a given pay period.

## What is net pay?

Gross Income Gross income includes your regular earnings for the pay period plus other income such as tips. For salaried employees, if your base salary is \$52,000 a year, your weekly wages are \$1,000. If you receive \$20 an hour as an hourly worker and work 40 hours, your weekly wages are \$800.

To figure out an employee’s yearly pay for a salary, just multiply the suggested hourly rate by the number of work hours in a year. If he gets paid vacation days, but holidays are unpaid, he should earn \$46,010 (\$47,850 less his hourly rate multiplied by the 8 hours from each of the 10 holiday days).

For instance, an increase of \$100 in your salary will be taxed \$40.95, hence, your net pay will only increase by \$59.05. If you make \$27,500 a year living in the region of California, USA, you will be taxed \$4,061. That means that your net pay will be \$23,439 per year, or \$1,953 per month.

Next, you need to know what deductions your employee has from their paycheck. Some deductions, like FICA payroll taxes and income tax withholdings, are mandatory. Others, like health insurance and retirement contributions, are voluntary. For a wage earner, gross income is the amount of salary or wages paid to the individual by an employer, before any deductions are taken.

That means that your net pay will be \$39,965 per year, or \$3,330 per month. Your average tax rate is 23.14% and your marginal tax rate is 35.80%.

The simple process requires you to set up the amounts and destinations of your deductions. For example, if you contribute to a 401(k) account that you’ve set up in Quicken, each paycheck will automatically update the 401(k) account balance. Setting up a paycheck in Quicken helps you track your gross income, net income and adjustments, which makes it easy to prepare your annual income tax return. If you are considered a salaried employee, then your annual salary may already be listed on your paystub.

The same principles hold for biweekly, semi-monthly and monthly paychecks. You also may receive reimbursements for time off due to vacations, holidays, sick pays and other reasons. The paycheck sums all your wages to report the gross income for the period.

## Gross pay vs. net pay

To translate a person’s salary into an hourly rate, simply divide the yearly salary by the number of work hours in a year. Again, remember to include any vacation or holiday hours that the employee is paid. The tax withheld from your paycheck depends on several factors, including pretax income and the number of exemptions you claim on a W-4 form.

To calculate net pay, we will need to deduct FICA tax; federal, state, and local income taxes; and health insurance from the employee’s gross pay. If you live in a state with a personal income tax, you will need to find your state tax bracket to determine how much will be deducted from your take-home pay. Each state has its own set of brackets which should be available on the state government website where you live. The Tax Foundation also lists recent state individual income tax rates and brackets on its website. It also includes information on local taxes, where they apply.